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Osorkon II was the son of Takelot by Queen Kapes. His sons include a high priest of Amun and Takelot II who would be pharaoh. Politically, he continued to maintain pressure on Palestine and fend of threats from the Assyrians. However, Osorkon II was the last pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty who ruled over a unified Egypt. AFter his reign, Egypt was divided into smaller kingdoms, each ruled over by one of the kings in the remaining part of the 22nd Dynasty.
His building projects included a temple in Bubastis dedicated to the goddess Bastet, and temples and chapels in other Delta towns, including Leontopolis. In his twenty-second year on the throne, he celebrated his Sed festival and decorated the granite gateway in Bubastis with scenes from the festival. Inscriptions in Karnak from his reign mention that there was excessive flooding of the Nile, and that "all the temples of Thebes were like marshes".
His tomb was found in Tanis in the Temple of Amen in 1939. The tomb was formed of large stones with several internal chambers. Buried inside were the remains of several pharaohs, including Takelot II.
Temple at Bubastis