home | travelogue | itinerary | photos | history | books
Previous Kingdon Next Kingdon
Previous Dynasty Next Dynasty


Titulary what's this?
Horus Name  
Nebty Name  
Golden Horus Name  
Nomen Artaxerxes
Dates what's this?
von beckerath 465/64-424
Predecessor Father, Xerxes I
Successor Xerxes II
Associated People
Father Xerxes
Brother Darius (killed)
Brother Achmenes
Son Xerxes II
Son Sogdianus, out of Alogyne
Concubine Alogyne of Babylon
Concubine Andia of Babylon
Daughter Parysatis, out of Andia
Burial Place

When Xerxes and the crown prince Darius were murdered in 465 BCE, younger brother Artaxerxes I took the throne. His rule was anything but stable, and within a few months of his succession, a rebel Egyptian ruler in Sais, Amyrtaois, rose up against him. Artaxerxes managed to hold the city of Memphis and the Egyptians and their Greek allies were defeated.

However, Artaxerxes was killed in the battle at Papremis and it was his satrap, Megabysos, who destroyed the Greek fleet and re-took Memphis for him. Upper Egypt still remained in Persian control and Athens pledged to have no part in the conflict. They were on their own in Egypt.

It is interesting to note that most of Upper Egypt was still under control of the Persians at this time, even if the cities in the Delta and Lower Egypt were unsettled.



Darius I
Xerxes I
Artaxerxes I
Xerxes II
Darius II
Artaxerxes II