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Siamun's major contribution to Egyptian history is that he is the pharaoh responsible for sealing up the Deir el-Bahari mummy cache.
He may have been either the brother or son of his predecessor, Osorkon.
Unlike many of the pharaohs of the 21st dynasty, Siamun is responsible for quite a lot of building across Egypt. He extended the temple of Amun at Tanis, and erected a temple to Amun in Memphis. He also waged war against Palestine and when he captured the city of Gezer, it was used as a dowry for his daughter when he married her to Solomon to consolidate the relationship between Egypt and Israel.