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The20th Dynasty is populated mostly by a string of Ramesses' -- all less important and vastly less powerful than Rameses the Great (Ramesses II). The disruption of power at the end of the 19th Dynasty, with Tawosret and Chancellor Bay taking power led to the decline of power in Egypt.
Invaders from Syria siezed power in much of the country, and they began to denigrate the god of ancient Egypt, refusing to sacrifice at the temples, and demoting the gods to "mortal" status.
The first pharaoh of the dynasty, Setnakht, ruled for only a few years but he managed to restore order to Egypt and his son, Ramesses III is considered the last great king of Egypt. After Ramesses III, however, a series of lesser kings (also names Ramesses) ruled over a weaker, failing country. Economic problems and social problems led to the chaos of the Third Intermediate Period.
The pharaons of the 20th Dynasty are well-known: