homeAntiquarian Advice Home

Chap 01
Chap 02
Chap 03
Chap 04
Chap 05
Chap 06
Chap 07
Chap 08
Chap 09
Chap 10
Chap 11
Chap 12
Chap 13
Chap 14
Chap 15
Chap 16
Chap 17
Chap 18
Chap 19



ALL spots and stains should be dealt with while fresh. The longer they are allowed to remain, the more difficult will be their removal. The first thing
to remember about all stains is that the fundamental treatment is the same — to find some substance in which the stain is soluble. If the right solvent is
not known, one employs wrong methods, and the stain becomes "set" when it might have been removed easily. Most stains are made permanent by the use of hot water and soap. For this reason it is best to treat a stain before washing. Stains are much more easily removed from white than colored materials, as many of the best solvents which remove stains also remove color.

Stains which call for the use of boiling water may be more easily removed if the cloth containing the stained part is stretched tight in an embroidery frame, then placed over a basin and the boiling water applied.

Character of staine Reagant Method of Removal
Blood cold water and ivory soap with cold raw starch Wash in soap and water and cover with a paste of starch and water
Candle Blotting paper and warm iron Place paper on spot and rub with hot iron, changing paper often
Chocolate Borax with cold and boiling water Sprinkle the stain with borax. Soak in cold water. Use boiling water as for coffee
Coffee Boiling water Pour from a height and with force.
Cream Cold water Wash while fresh (applies to any stain, but particularly to milk and cream)
Fruit Boiling water Same as for coffee (peach and pear need frost)
Grass Stain Naphtha soap and warm water Wash i soap and water. Apply ammonia and cold water at once.

There is an in eradicator on the market that is most satisfactory on white goods.

Or, use milk (sweet or sour); salt and lemon; water and chloride of lime; ongaline

Soak in milk, or in salt and lemon juice.
Iron Rust Lemon and salt; ongaline; or oxalic acid Spread cloth over a bowl contrining one quart warm water and one teaspoon borax. Apply acid drop by drop until stain lightens, then dip in water in bowl; or dampen with cold water, salt, and lemon juice. Spread in sun and keep moist with lemon.
Meat Juice Cold water and soap Wash first in cold water, then in soap and colt water
Medicine Staine Alcohol Soak in alcohol
Milk Same as cream.
Cold water
Wash while fresh. (Applies to any stain, but particularly to milk and cream)
Mildew Lemon juice and sunshine
Or a paste of soap, lemon, starch, and salt
Or chloride of lime
Coverwith lemon juice and put in sunchine. Make a past oe soft soap, juice of one lemon, one tablespoon powdered starch, salt. Let remain on spot 48 hours; spread on grass during treatment. Make second application is necessary or soak in solutio of of T chlorid of lime in four quarts of water till mildew disappears. Rinse several times in clear water.
Paint Benzine or turpentine Rub stain with either. Rub stain while fresh on wrong side of garment
Scorch Sunlight Do not have to wet it. The quicker it is streated the better.
Tea Glycerine and boiling water Spread stained part over bowl. Pour on glycerine, then boiling water.
Wax Blotting paper and warm iron Place paper on spot and rub with hot iron, changing the paper often
Wheel grease and street oil Lard and boiling water Rub lard well into grease spot. Pour boiling water over the spot to remove grease. Then wash in very hot water.
Fresh Wine stain Yellow laundry soap and pulverized starch Wet hte stain with strong suds made of hard, yellow, lanudry soap. Then coat the stain very thickly with pulverized starch and lay it in the sun. After one good sun-bath of two hours or so, the stain should disappear. If it remains, repeat the process.
Or use salt and boiling water, or salt and boiling milk Cover as soon as possible with a thick layer of salt. Then treat as for coffee staine.

After using acids, always wash cloth ot in ammonia or borax water.

Contact me