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Amenemhet IV is probably the son of Amenemhet III, although he may actually be a grandson. He was quite old when he took the throne, due to the long reign of Amenemhet III. He had no male heir, and most chronologies show him succeeded by his half-sister (or possibly aunt) Sobeknefru. It is generally believed that he was married to her as well.
Manetho says he ruled for only 8 years , which is confirmed by the amount of time the Turin canon notes. The short time is confirmed by a few sources, and it probably supports the idea that he was well into middle age when he took the throne.
From inscriptions, we know that he continued to maintain the Egyptian presence in Nubia, although he did not appear to work at expanding the boundaries. Not much else is known about his reign or the building projects of his reign.
The South Pyramid at Mazguna is often attributed to Amenemhet IV, although no name has been found to attribute the monument to anyone. The dating was done on stylistic grounds only, and when the pyramid was investigated in 1910 little else was found. He also completed his father's temple at Medinet Maadi and built a small temple at Qasr el-Sagha.