St. Johns, the capital of Newfoundland, is reached from Liverpool by steamer in five or six days; from New York by steamer in four days; and by rail from New York to North Sydney, thence by steamer to Port-aux- Basques, and by the Reid Newfoundland Railroad, in less than four days.
Newfoundland was visited by John Cabot, voyaging under the patronage of Henry VII of England, in 1497, and is the oldest of the British colonies. Formal possession of this great island was taken by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, in the name of Queen Elizabeth, and for some years it was England's only possession in the Western Hemisphere. It is still practically what its name implies, as much of the country has yet to be explored. It is to-day one of the finest "big game" preserves in the world, deer and caribou being so plentiful that during migration season thousands of caribou are known to have crossed one pass in a day. Its rivers teem with salmon and trout. The Reid Newfoundland Railroad, which runs from Port-aux-Basques to St. Johns in twenty-eight -hours, crosses the Humber, Exploit, Ganders and Terra Nova Rivers, besides barrens or moors. Of course, to enjoy good sport a hunter's outfit is necessary, including a canoe, tent and guides.
The city of St. Johns is historically interesting, and there are many delightful trips to be made from it. The beautiful Conception Bay is only a short distance by rail, as are also the old French fort and harbor of Placentia; and a trip around the island, through the Straits of Belle Isle, is a pleasant sea voyage.
THE ISLANDS OK ST. PIERRE AND MIQUELON.
These small fishermen's islands are all that remain in North America of the once magnificent domain of Louis Quatorze. Surely, as the Indians used to say, "The great white French father sleepeth." But for all that, it is a refreshing bit of La Belle France of the old days. The creak of the ox-cart and the click of the wooden sabots are still heard on the street, and as fine specimens of Breton, Basque and Norman fisherwives are to be found here as in the old country. The islands are reached from Halifax in forty-eight hours, and will well repay a visit.