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Part II, cont.

Noun Declensions

I have taken much pains to condense from the best authorities, and to simplify, the foregoing rules. They seem to admit of the fewest exceptions; and I think that it will sufficiently appear, from a consideration of them, and still more were the subject to be followed through the conflicting opinions of grammarians, that iny attempt to regulate the inflexions of nouns, by exclusive or principal attention to their final changes and attenuations, must lead to endless perplexity.

I shall present here the modes of declining the following nouns — la a day, mi a month, cró a hovel, a cow, bean a woman, and clann children. I omit many others that are irregular, but of less common use. The following are taken from O'Brien and O'Reilly.

, a day, masc.
  Singular Plural
Nom. laeṫe, laoiṫe
Gen. lae, laoi
Dat. lá, lo laeṫiḃ, laoiṫiḃ
a month, masc and fem
Nom an mí, or mí na míosa
Gen. na míosa, or an míos na mí, or míos
Dat. do'n ṁís, or mís do na míosaiḃ
cró, a hovel, masc.
Nom. an cró na craoi, or craoiṫe
Gen. an ċraoi na gcró, or cró
Dat. do'n gcró, or ċrú, or cró do na craoiḃ,or craoiṫiḃ
bean, a woman, fem. .
Nom an ḃean na mna
Gen. na mna na ban, or mban
Dat. do'n ṁnaoi do na mnaiḃ
a cow, fem.
Nom an bó na ba, or bai
Gen. na bó or bóin na mbó
Dat do'n bóin do na buaiḃ
clann, a tribe or children, fem
Nom clann na clanna
Gen na cloinne na gclannain
Dat. do'n gcloinn do na clannaiḃ.

An is expressive of the diminution of a substantive, thus cnoc a hill, cnocan a hillock. Some of these have inferior diminutions, as cnoicin a very small hill ; which are formed by adding the i of the primitive gen. in the penultimate syllable, and changing the last a into i.


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grammar of the irish language—mason—1842
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