New York is the metropolis of the New World, as London is of the Old, and, like London, is not to be seen in a day. In order to see New York satisfactorily, the traveler should be prepared to spend of his time at least a few days, and of his money a good many dollars, for it is a city of newly acquired, unparalleled wealth and magnificent display, where every man of means appears to scorn the use of such a word as economy.
The city proper has an imposing situation on a tongue of land reaching south into the bay, with the Hudson, or North River, on. the west, and Long Island Sound, or East River, on the east. The site of New York is flat, but this defect has been partially concealed, approaching it from the water-front, by the erection of "sky-scrapers," — immense building blocks, some of them rising three hundred to four hundred feet above the street level.
A short walk eastward from the wharves of the ocean steamers, alongside the North River, brings the traveler to Broadway, in the heart of the down-town or business section of the city. Broadway, the longest and perhaps the most important commercial thoroughfare in the world, commences at the Battery Park, and runs many miles beyond old New York's northern boundary.
Down-town, on or just off Broadway, are most of the public buildings of the city. Here are the City Hall, the Post-office, Wall Street, with its great Stock Exchange; the approaches to Brooklyn Bridge, old St. Paul's and Trinity Churches, the latter once the most imposing building in this section of New York, but now dwarfed and obscured by the vast, towering business blocks of the merchant princes, insurance companies, and the powerful trade corporations of the city.
From the dome of "The World" newspaper building ( to which, on a clear day, a visit should surely be paid before leaving New York) a glorious view of the city and its surroundings may be had. The great bridges connecting Brooklyn with New York should not be omitted from closer inspection. The streets of New York are so laid out that, with the help of a small guidebook and map (which can be found at any book-stall), the stranger can readily find his way about, in any part of the city.
By elevated railroad, the Broadway Cable Line, or by subway train, we can take our way up-town in an incredibly short time. " Up-town" may be said to start from Madison Square, where Fifth Avenue crosses Broadway, and where is Madison Square Garden, with its famous Giralda Tower. Broadway, from this point to Fiftieth Street, is a blaze of electric light at night, from hotels, theaters and shops.
Fifth Avenue, from Madison Square away up to and along the east side of Central Park, is the residential street of the multi-millionaires; and on this avenue are also the new Public Library, St. Patrick's Cathedral and the principal club houses. In Central Park, a masterpiece of landscape gardening containing 843 acres, is the Metropolitan Museum of Art, containing many of the world's masterpieces. Here also is the Museum of Natural History.
On the west side of Central Park is the beautiful Riverside Drive, with its palatial mansions and Grant's monumental tomb; Morningside Park, with Columbia College and Lowe Library ; and (under construction) the magnificent new Protestant Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the Divine.
For trips outside the city the traveler should visit the colossal bronze Statue of Liberty, on Bedloe's Island, Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, and during the sum- mer, fascinating Coney Island, the great seaside resort of New York; and take the trip up the Hudson River, to Newburgh and back.
According to the last census, 1904, Greater New York had a population of over 4,000,000, and vast as has been the growth of the city within the last quarter of a century, there is confident belief that long before the middle of the twentieth century, in area, in population, in its wealth and in the extent of its commerce, New York will have become the capital city of the world.
At the present time there are under construction six tunnels under the East and North Rivers, connecting important railroad terminals, besides three new suspension bridges. The traveler can very well spend a week in this Empire City of a great republic. If he be an observant and practical man, the cost of it will return to him a hundred-fold.